Test 1:  Colonial America

Understand the following terms and concepts:

1. 1. Pre-Columbian Indian migration to America
2. The Three Sisters and other native American crops
3. The Pueblo, Anasazi, and Chaco Canyon
4. Mississippian Indians, the Mound Builders, and Cahokia
5. The Iroquois League (Five/Six Nations)
6. Wampum
7. Pacific Northwest Indians
8. The Maya
9. The Aztec and Hernan Cortez
10. The Inca and Francisco Pizarro
11. The Renaissance
12. The Fall of Constantinople
13. Ferdinand, Isabella, the Reconquista, and the Fall of Granada
14. Henry the Navigator, Vasco da Gama, and the Portuguese Empire
15. Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de Leon, Vasco de Balboa, Ferdinand Magellan
16. The Treaty of Tordesillas
17. Conquistadors, Encomiendas, and Haciendas
18. The Columbian Exchange
19. Bartolomé de las Casas
20. The Black Legend
21. Disease
22. Jacques Cartier and New France;  Jacques Marquette, Louis Joliet, Robert de la Salle, and Louisiana
23. English, French, and Spanish settlement patterns in North America
24. The Virgin Queen, Sea Dogs, the Invincible Armada, and the Protestant Wind
25. Joint stock companies
26. Sir Walter Raleigh
27. The Lost Colony
28. Jamestown, John Smith, and John Rolfe
29. Powhatan, Pocahontas, and Opechancanaugh
30. The Chesapeake tobacco monoculture
31. Indentured servants
32. The headright system
33. Slavery and slave codes
34. The House of Burgesses
35. The Tidewater and the Backcountry
36. The English Civil War, Cavaliers, and Roundheads
37. William Berkeley and Nathaniel Bacon
38. Debt
39. Lord Baltimore, Maryland, and Catholics
40. Arminians and Calvinists
41. Separatists and Pilgrims
42. Plymouth, William Bradford, and Squanto
43. The Mayflower Compact
44. Puritans and the Great Migration
45. Family relationships in the colonies
46. Massachusetts-Bay, John Winthrop, and a City upon a Hill
47. Town Meetings
48. The Protestant Work Ethic
49. Praying Indians
50. Thomas Hooker and Connecticut
51. New Haven
52. New Hampshire and Maine
53. Roger Williams, Rhode Island, and Separation of Church and State
54. Religious toleration in various colonies
55. Anne Hutchinson and Antinomianism
56. Pequot War and the Mystic Massacre
57. The New England Federation
58. Metacom and King Philip’s War
59. Mary Rowlandson and captivity narratives
60. The Restoration of the Monarchy
61. The Dominion of New England and Edmund Andros
62. The Navigation Acts
63. The Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights
64. Education in the colonies
65. The Dutch West India Company, New Netherland, New Amsterdam, & Fort Orange
66. Peter Minuit and Peter Stuyvesant
67. New Sweden
68. New York
69. Leisler’s Rebellion
70. New Jersey (West Jersey and East Jersey)
71. The New York Slave Rebellion
72. William Penn and Pennsylvania
73. Quakers
74. Benjamin Franklin
75. Barbados and other Caribbean colonies
76. The Lords Proprietor of Carolina
77. South Carolina
78. The Tuscarora War and the Yamassee War
79. Sugar, indigo, and rice
80. Triangular Trade
81. The Stono Rebellion
82. North Carolina
83. James Oglethorpe and Georgia
84. Types of colonial governments (Royal, Proprietary, Self-governing) and degrees of voting rights and self-government
85. Church membership in New England
86. Declension
87. The Half-way covenant
88. The Salem Witch Trials
89. The Great Awakening
90. George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards
91. Old Lights and New Lights
92. Methodists
93. Peter Zenger
94. The Iroquois and the Covenant Chain
95. Queen Anne’s War and the Deerfield Massacre
96. The War of Jenkins’s Ear and King George’s War
97. Fort Louisbourg
98. The fur trade
99. The Ohio Company
100. George Washington
101. Fort Duquesne and Fort Necessity
102. The French and Indian War
103. The Albany Conference and the Albany Plan of Union
104. Braddock’s Blunder
105. the Marquis de Montcalm
106. William Pitt
107. Fort William Henry and the massacre
108. James Wolfe
109. Quebec
110. The Cherokee
111. Fort Loudoun and the massacre
112. Regular soldiers and militia
113. The Treaty of Paris (1763)
114. Pontiac’s Rebellion
115. The Proclamation of 1763
116. King George III
117. The British system of government in Britain and in the colonies
118. External/Indirect taxes compared to Internal/Direct taxes
119. Actual representation and Virtual representation
120. The Molasses Act
121. George Grenville
122. The Currency Act
123. The Sugar Act
124. The Stamp Act
125. The Stamp Act Congress
126. Non-importation Agreements
127. The Sons of Liberty and Samuel Adams
128. Declaratory Act
129. Charles Townshend and the Townshend Acts
130. The Boston Massacre
131. Crispus Attucks
132. John Adams
133. Lord North
134. Thomas Hutchinson
135. Benjamin Franklin
136. Committees of Correspondence
137. Committees on Public Safety
138. The Tea Act
139. The Boston Tea Party
140. The Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts
141. Thomas Gage
142. Lord Dunmore
143. The First and Second Continental Congress
144. John Hancock
145. Patrick Henry
146. John Dickinson, Joseph Galloway, and Galloway's Plan of Union
147. The Suffolk Resolves
148. Paul Revere
149. The Battles of Lexington and Concord
150. The Siege of Boston
151. Henry Knox
152. The Olive Branch Petition
153. Thomas Paine, Common Sense, and The Crisis
154. The American invasion of Canada
155. The Declaration of Independence (read it if time permits)
156. Articles of Confederation
157. The Marquis de Lafayette
158. Sir William Howe
159. The Occupation of New York
160. Nathan Hale
161. The Battles of Trenton and Princeton
162. The Saratoga Campaign, John Burgoyne, Horatio Gates, and Benedict Arnold
163. France and America’s other allies
164. The Battle of Brandywine
165. Valley Forge
166. The Conway Cabal
167. Friedrich von Steuben
168. The Battle of Monmouth Courthouse
169. Privateers
170. John Paul Jones
171. The Battles of Charleston
172. Henry Clinton
173. The Battle of Savanah
174. The Watauga Association
175. Loyalists/Tories
176. The Swamp Fox
177. The Battle of Camden
178. Nathaniel Greene
179. Charles Cornwallis
180. Patrick Fergusson, the Overmountain Men, and the Battle of King’s Mountain
181. The Battle of Yorktown
182. General Rochambeau and Admiral Degrasse
183. The Newburgh Conspiracy

Be prepared to answer the following questions:
*Compare and contrast TWO of the following colonial regions over the course of the colonial period.  Consider social, political, economic factors in your analysis.
    New England
    The Middle Colonies
    The Chesapeake
    The Deep South

*Analyze the development of unity among the English colonies in North America between 1607 and 1783.

*What caused the American Revolution?  Consider political, economic, and social issues during the years 1754-1776.

This page last updated 5 August, 2021.
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