Test 1:  Colonial America

Understand the following terms and concepts:

1. Pre-Columbian Indian migration to America
2. The Three Sisters and other native American crops
3. The Pueblo, Anasazi, and Chaco Canyon
4. Mississippian Indians, the Mound Builders, and Cahokia
5. The Iroquois League (Five/Six Nations)
6. Wampum
7. Pacific Northwest Indians
8. The Maya
9. The Aztec and Hernan Cortez
10. The Inca and Francisco Pizarro
11. The Renaissance
12. The Fall of Constantinople
13. Ferdinand, Isabella, the Reconquista, and the Fall of Granada
14. Henry the Navigator, Vasco da Gama, and the Portuguese Empire
15. Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de Leon, Vasco de Balboa, Ferdinand Magellan
16. The Treaty of Tordesillas
17. Conquistadors, Encomiendas, and Haciendas
18. The Columbian Exchange
19. The Black Legend
20. Disease
21. Jacques Cartier and New France;  Jacques Marquette, Louis Joliet, Robert de la Salle, and Louisiana
22. English, French, and Spanish settlement patterns in North America
23. The Virgin Queen, Sea Dogs, the Invincible Armada, and the Protestant Wind
24. Joint stock companies
25. Sir Walter Raleigh
26. The Lost Colony
27. Jamestown, John Smith, and John Rolfe
28. Powhatan, Pocahontas, and Opechancanaugh
29. The Chesapeake tobacco monoculture
30. Indentured servants
31. The headright system
32. Slavery and slave codes
33. The House of Burgesses
34. The Tidewater and the Backcountry
35. The English Civil War, Cavaliers, and Roundheads
36. William Berkeley and Nathaniel Bacon
37. Debt
38. Lord Baltimore, Maryland, and Catholics
39. Arminians and Calvinists
40. Separatists and Pilgrims
41. Plymouth, William Bradford, and Squanto
42. The Mayflower Compact
43. Puritans and the Great Migration
44. Family relationships in the colonies
45. Massachusetts-Bay, John Winthrop, and a City upon a Hill
46. Town Meetings
47. The Protestant Work Ethic
48. Praying Indians
49. Thomas Hooker and Connecticut
50. New Haven
51. New Hampshire and Maine
52. Roger Williams, Rhode Island, and Separation of Church and State
53. Religious toleration in various colonies
54. Anne Hutchinson and Antinomianism
55. Pequot War and the Mystic Massacre
56. The New England Federation
57. Metacom and King Philip’s War
58. Mary Rowlandson and captivity narratives
59. The Restoration of the Monarchy
60. The Dominion of New England and Edmund Andros
61. The Navigation Acts
62. The Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights
63. Education in the colonies
64. The Dutch West India Company, New Netherland, New Amsterdam, & Fort Orange
65. Peter Minuit and Peter Stuyvesant
66. New Sweden
67. New York
68. Leisler’s Rebellion
69. New Jersey (West Jersey and East Jersey)
70. The New York Slave Rebellion
71. William Penn and Pennsylvania
72. Quakers
73. Benjamin Franklin
74. Barbados and other Caribbean colonies
75. The Lords Proprietor of Carolina
76. South Carolina
77. The Tuscarora War and the Yamassee War
78. Sugar, indigo, and rice
79. Triangular Trade
80. The Stono Rebellion
81. North Carolina
82. James Oglethorpe and Georgia
83. Types of colonial governments (Royal, Proprietary, Self-governing) and degrees of voting rights and self-government
84. Church membership in New England
85. Declension
86. The Half-way covenant
87. The Salem Witch Trials
88. The Great Awakening
89. George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards
90. Old Lights and New Lights
91. Methodists
92. Peter Zenger
93. The Iroquois and the Covenant Chain
94. Queen Anne’s War and the Deerfield Massacre
95. The War of Jenkins’s Ear and King George’s War
96. Fort Louisbourg
97. The fur trade
98. The Ohio Company
99. George Washington
100. Fort Duquesne and Fort Necessity
101. The French and Indian War
102. The Albany Conference and the Albany Plan of Union
103. Braddock’s Blunder
104. the Marquis de Montcalm
105. William Pitt
106. Fort William Henry and the massacre
107. James Wolfe
108. Quebec
109. The Cherokee
110. Fort Loudoun and the massacre
111. Regular soldiers and militia
112. The Treaty of Paris (1763)
113. Pontiac’s Rebellion
114. The Proclamation of 1763
115. King George III
116. The British system of government in Britain and in the colonies
117. External/Indirect taxes compared to Internal/Direct taxes
118. Actual representation and Virtual representation
119. The Molasses Act
120. George Grenville
121. The Currency Act
122. The Sugar Act
123. The Stamp Act
124. The Stamp Act Congress
125. Non-importation Agreements
126. The Sons of Liberty and Samuel Adams
127. Declaratory Act
128. Charles Townshend and the Townshend Acts
129. The Boston Massacre
130. Crispus Attucks
131. John Adams
132. Lord North
133. Gaspee Affair
134. Thomas Hutchinson
135. Benjamin Franklin
136. Committees of Correspondence
137. Committees on Public Safety
138. The Tea Act
139. The Boston Tea Party
140. The Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts
141. Thomas Gage
142. Lord Dunmore
143. The First and Second Continental Congress
144. John Hancock
145. Patrick Henry
146. John Dickinson, Joseph Galloway, and Galloway's Plan of Union
147. The Suffolk Resolves
148. Paul Revere
149. The Battles of Lexington and Concord
150. The Siege of Boston
151. Henry Knox
152. The Olive Branch Petition
153. Thomas Paine, Common Sense, and The Crisis
154. The American invasion of Canada
155. The Declaration of Independence (read it if time permits)
156. Articles of Confederation
157. The Marquis de Lafayette
158. Sir William Howe
159. The Occupation of New York
160. Nathan Hale
161. The Battles of Trenton and Princeton
162. Joseph Brant and the Treaty of Fort Stanwix
163. The Saratoga Campaign, John Burgoyne, Horatio Gates, and Benedict Arnold
164. France and America’s other allies
165. The Battle of Brandywine
166. Valley Forge
167. The Conway Cabal
168. Friedrich von Steuben
169. The Battle of Monmouth Courthouse
170. Privateers
171. John Paul Jones
172. The Battles of Charleston
173. Henry Clinton
174. The Battle of Savannah
175. The Watauga Association
176. Loyalists/Tories
177. The Swamp Fox
178. The Battle of Camden
179. Nathaniel Greene
180. Charles Cornwallis
181. Patrick Fergusson, the Overmountain Men, and the Battle of King’s Mountain
182. The Battle of Yorktown
183. General Rochambeau and Admiral Degrasse
184. The Newburgh Conspiracy

Be prepared to answer the following questions:
*Compare and contrast TWO of the following colonial regions over the course of the colonial period.  Consider social, political, economic factors in your analysis.
    New England
    The Middle Colonies
    The Chesapeake
    The Deep South

*Analyze the development of unity among the English colonies in North America between 1607 and 1783.

*What caused the American Revolution?  Consider political, economic, and social issues during the years 1754-1776.

This page last updated 4 August, 2020.
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