Test 2:  The Early Republic

Understand the following terms and concepts.

1. Early state governments (especially Pennsylvania and Tennessee)

2. Republicanism, virtue, independence, property requirements, and republican motherhood

3. Religious disestablishment

4. The Articles of Confederation and their strengths and weaknesses

5. Western lands, the Land Ordinance, and the Northwest Ordinance

6. Paper money and specie

7. Jay’s treaty with Spain

8. The Mississippi River

9. The State of Franklin and John Sevier

10. The Western Indian Confederation

11. American debts

12. Tariffs

13. Shays’s Rebellion

14. Alexander Hamilton

15. James Madison

16. George Washington

17. John Jay

18. The Annapolis Convention

19. The Constitutional Convention

20. The Great Compromise

21. The Three-Fifths Compromise

22. Powers of the Government, especially the Commerce Clause and Elastic Clause

23. Ratification of the Constitution

24. Federalists and Anti-Federalists

25. The Federalist Papers

26. The Bill of Rights

27. John Adams

28. The Judiciary Act of 1789

29. The Cabinet

30. Federalists and Democratic-Republicans

31. Loose Construction and Strict Construction

32. Speculation in paper money and in land

33. Hamilton’s financial plans

34. The Assumption Act of 1790

35. The District of Columbia

36. The Whiskey Tax and the Whiskey Rebellion

37. The First and Second Bank of the United States

38. The French Revolution

39. The Franco-American Alliance

40. Citizen Genêt

41. British forts in the Northwest

42. St Clair’s Defeat

43. Mad Anthony Wayne

44. The Battle of Fallen Timbers and the Treaty of Greenville

45. Impressment

46. The Jay Treaty with Britain

47. The Pinckney Treaty with Spain

48. Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio and William Blount

49. New states—Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Missouri, and Maine

50. The Two-Term Tradition

51. Thomas Jefferson

52. The XYZ Affair and Talleyrand

53. The Quasi-War

54. Napoleon

55. The Alien Acts

56. The Sedition Act and Matthew Lyon

57. The Kentucky Resolution, the Virginia Resolution, and nullification

58. The XII Amendment

59. Aaron Burr

60. The Revolution of 1800

61. Midnight Judges

62. John Marshall

63. Marbury v. Madison

64. Samuel Chase

65. The Mosquito Fleet

66. The Barbary Wars

67. The Hatian Revolution and François Toussaint-L’Ouverture

68. Robert Livingston and James Monroe

69. The Louisiana Purchase

70. Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery

71. Zebulon Pike

72. The Burr Conspiracies

73. Orders in Council

74. The Chesapeake Affair

75. The Embargo Act

76. The Non-Intercourse Act

77. Macon’s Bill No. 2

78. Causes of the War of 1812

79. Opposition to the War of 1812

80. Tecumseh and the Prophet

81. War Hawks

82. Henry Clay

83. John C. Calhoun

84. William Henry Harrison

85. The Battle of Tippecanoe and Battle of the Thames

86. USS Constitution versus HMS Guerriere

87. American invasions of Canada

88. Oliver Hazard Perry and the Battle of Lake Erie

89. The Creek War of 1814 and the Battle of Horseshoe Bend

90. Tennessee Volunteers and Andrew Jackson

91. Winfield Scott

92. The Battle of Lake Champlain and Thomas Macdonough

93. Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key, and ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’

94. The Bladensburg Races and the Burning of Washington, D.C.

95. The Hartford Convention

96. The Treaty of Ghent

97. The Battle of New Orleans

98. The Second War of American Independence

99. The Rush-Bagot Treaty and the Anglo-American Treaty of 1818

100. The American System

101. The Tariff of 1816

102. The Second Bank of the United States

103. Internal improvements, the National Road

104. The Era of Good Feelings

105. John Quincy Adams

106. Land speculation and paper money speculation

107. The Panic of 1819

108. The Missouri Compromise

109. McCulloch v. Maryland

110. Cohens v. Virginia

111. Gibbons v. Ogden

112. The Yazoo Land Fraud and Fletcher v. Peck

113. Dartmouth College v. Woodward

114. Daniel Webster

115. The Oregon Country

116. Florida

117. The Seminole

118. The Adams-Onis Treaty

119. Russian America and the Russo-American Treaty of 1824

120. The Monroe Doctrine

121. The Missouri Compromise

122. Old Hickory, Andrew Jackson (and Rachel Jackson)

123. John Quincy Adams

124. Henry Clay

125. John C. Calhoun

126. Expanding suffrage

127. The Election of 1824 and the Corrupt Bargain

128. The American System

129. The National Road

130. The Tariff of Abominations

131. Daniel Webster

132. Denmark Vesey

133. The South Carolina Exposition

134. The Jacksonian Revolution

135. Martin van Buren

136. The Election of 1828

137. The Revolution of 1828 and Jacksonian Democracy

138. Rotation in Office or the Spoils System

139. The Peggy Eaton Affair

140. The Maysville Road Bill

141. The Hayne-Webster Debate

142. States Rights

143. The Tariff of 1832

144. The Nullification Crisis

145. The Force Bill

146. The Compromise Tariff of 1833

147. The election of 1832

148. The Anti-Masonic Party

149. The Second Bank of the United States and Nicholas Biddle

150. The Bank War

151. Pet Banks and Wildcat Banks

152. Land Speculation

153. The Specie Circular

154. The Panic of 1837

155. The Black Hawk War

156. The Indian Removal Act

157. The Cherokee and the White Man’s Path

158. Sequoya

159. Worcester v Georgia

160. The Trail of Tears

161. Stephen Austin

162. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

163. William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett

164. Sam Houston

165. The Battles of the Alamo, Goliad, and San Jacinto

166. The Treaties of Valesco, Texan Independence, and the Republic of Texas

167. The Whigs

168. The Second Two-Party System

169. The Caroline Affair

170. The Creole Affair

171. The ‘Divorce Bill’ and the Independent Treasury

172. Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too! ----- Log Cabins and Hard Cider

173. John Tyler

174. The Aroostook War

175. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty

176. The Second Great Awakening

177. Presbyterians and Baptists

178. Methodists, Circuit Riders, and Francis Asbury

179. The Revival of 1800

180. The Cane Ridge Revival

181. The Stone-Cambpell Movement

182. The African Methodist Episcopal Church

183. Charles Grandison Finney

184. The Burned-Over District

185. Missionaries

186. The Unitarians

187. The Shakers

188. The Millerites and the Great Disappointment

189. Mary Ellen White and the Seventh-Day Aventists

190. Joseph Smith and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

191. Brigham Young, the Mormon Migration, and Deseret

192. Transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Henry David Thoreau

193. Robert Owen and New Harmony

194. John Humphrey Noyes and the Oneida Community

195. John Audubon

196. The Hudson River school of art

197. Greek Revival architecture

198. Universities, Free Schools, and Catholic Schools

199. Temperance

200. Lyman Beecher

201. Prison Reforms

202. Insane Asylums

203. Dorothea Dix

204. The Cult of Domesticity and Separate Spheres

205. The Women’s Movement

206. The Seneca Falls Convention and the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments

207. Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony

208. The Agricultural Revolution

209. The Industrial Revolution

210. Water Power

211. James Watt and the steam engine

212. Textiles

213. Samuel Slater

214. Eli Whitney, the Cotton Gin, and interchangeable parts

215. The Lowell Mills, Lowell System, and Lowell Girls

216. Elias Howe, Isaac Singer, and the sewing machine

217. Wage slavery, unions, the General Trades Union, and strikes

218. Commonwealth v. Hunt

219. John Deere and the steel plough

220. Cyrus McCormick and the mechanical reaper

221. The Transportation Revolution

222. Turnpikes, canals, and railroads

223. DeWitt Clinton and the Erie Canal

224. Cornelius Vanderbilt

225. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

226. Robert Fulton, the Clermont, and steamboats

227. Clipper ships

228. The Communication Revolution

229. Samuel Morse and the telegraph

230. The Irish Potato Famine

231. Irish Immigration to America

232. German Immigration to America

233. Nativism

234. The American (Know-Nothing) Party

235. Tammany Hall and Boss Tweed

236. Frederick Jackson Turner and the Frontier Thesis

237. John L. O’Sullivan and Manifest Destiny

238. Oregon

239. The Oregon Trail and the Willamette Valley

240. The Columbia River, the 49th Parallel, or ‘54°40’ or Fight!’

241. California

242. Young Hickory, James K. Polk, the Dark Horse candidate

243. Polk’s campaign promises

244. The Walker Tariff

245. The Gag Rule

246. The Annexation of Texas

247. The Rio Nueces and the Rio Grande

248. Old Rough and Ready Zachary Taylor

249. American blood shed on American soil

250. The Mexican-American War

251. Abraham Lincoln and the Spot Resolution

252. The Battles of Monterrey and Buena Vista

253. Old Fuss and Feathers Winfield Scott

254. The Siege of Vera Cruz

255. Chapultepec and the conquest of Mexico City

256. West Point

257. John C. Frémont and the Bear Flag Republic

258. Stephen Kearny and New Mexico

259. Nicholas Trist

260. The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

261. Conscience Whigs

262. David Wilmot and the Wilmot Proviso

263. Henry David Thoreau and Civil Disobedience

264. The California Gold Rush

Be prepared to answer one of the following questions.


What were the major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, and how was the Constitution meant to address them?


How did the ‘First Two-Party System’ develop and decline between 1783 and 1823, and what did the two factions stand for?


What was the purpose of the Louisiana Purchase and what benefits and problems came from America’s acquisition of Louisiana?


Be prepared to answer one of the following questions.


What were the major ideological positions of the Democrats and the Whigs in the 1830s and 1840s?


How did the idea of Manifest Destiny shape American government policies, the American economy, American foreign policy, and American Indians?

How did the Market Revolution affect America between 1790 and 1850?


What were the main causes of American nativism in the 1840s and 1850s and what major groups in America were not part of the nativist movement at that time?

This page last updated 11 September, 2018.
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