Test 3:  Civil War and Reconstruction

Understand the following terms and concepts:

1. King Cotton

2. Slavery in different regions

3. The Gang System and the Task System

4. Manumission laws

5. Mulattos and the One Drop Rule

6. Field Slaves, House Slaves, and enslaved craftsmen

7. The end of the international slave trade

8. Slavery as a threat to Republican virtue, or a preserver of it?

9. The Cotton Gin

10. The Southern aristocracy, Roman Republicanism, and Mediæval chivalry

11. Poor whites

12. Immigration and Emigration in the South

13. Industry in the South and North

14. Life as a slave

15. Runaway slaves

16. The Underground Railroad, stations, and conductors

17. Harriet Tubman

18. Henry 'Box' Brown

19. Slave religion

20. Nat Turner and Turner's Rebellion

21. Slave Codes

22. The Mason-Dixon Line

23. Charles Grandison Finney

24. Theodore Weld

25. American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses

26. Colonizing freedmen

27. The American Colonization Society

28. Liberia

29. Elihu Embree and the Manumission Intelligencer or The Emancipator

30. Benjamin Lundy and the Genius of Universal Emancipation

31. William Lloyd Garrison and The Liberator

32. The American Anti-Slavery Society

33. Wendell Phillips

34. Frederick Douglass

35. The Grimké Sisters

36. Elijah P. Lovejoy

37. Conscience Whigs

38. Free Soil and the Free Soil Party

39. Abolitionists

40. Fire-Eaters

41. The Mudsill Theory of society

42. Slavery as a Positive Good

43. The Expansion of Slavery

44. Lewis Cass

45. Zachary Taylor

46. Millard Fillmore

47. Texas and Santa Fe

48. The California Gold Rush and California Statehood

49. The Compromise of 1850

50. The Fugitive Slave Law

51. Stephen Douglas

52. Franklin Pierce

53. Winfield Scott

54. The collapse of the Second Two-Party System

55. A central American canal

56. The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

57. Filibusters

58. William Walker

59. Cuba, the Black Warrior Affair, and the Ostend Manifesto

60. Trade with China

61. Matthew Perry, the Black Ships, and the Opening of Japan

62. A Transcontinental Railroad

63. The Gadsden Purchase

64. Popular Sovereignty

65. The Kansas-Nebraska Act

66. Bleeding Kansas

67. Border Ruffians

68. The New England Emigrant Aid Society

69. Henry Ward Beecher and Beecher's Bibles

70. Lecompton, Kansas and the Lecompton Constitution; Topeka, Kansas

71. The burning of Lawrence, Kansas

72. John Brown and the Pottawatamie Creek Massacre

73. Charles Sumner

74. Preston Brooks

75. James Buchanan

76. The Republican Party

77. John C. Frémont

78. William Henry Seward and a Higher Law

79. The Know-Nothings

80. Harriet Beecher Stowe and Uncle Tom’s Cabin

81. The Dred Scott Case

82. Roger B. Taney

83. The Tariff of 1857

84. The Panic of 1857

85. Western homesteads

86. Abraham Lincoln

87. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates and the Freeport Doctrine

88. John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

89. The Democratic Party in 1860

90. John C. Breckinridge

91. John Bell and the Constitutional Union Party

92. The Election of 1860

93. The Secession of the Deep South

94. President Buchanan’s reaction to secession

95. John Crittenden and the Crittenden Compromise

96. States’ Rights and the Preservation of the Union

97. Causes of the Civil War

98. Advantages and disadvantages of the North when the war began

99. Advantages and disadvantages of the South when the war began

100. Lincoln’s cabinet

101. Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens

102. Richmond

103. Fort Sumter and other Federal forts in the South

104. Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers

105. The secession of the Upper South

106. The border states that remained in the Union

107. West Virginia and East Tennessee

108. Lincoln’s suspension of habeas corpus

109. Roger B. Taney and Salmon P. Chase

110. The Anaconda Plan

111. Foreign views of the Civil War

112. The Trent Affair

113. CSS Alabama, CSS Shenandoah, and the Laird Rams

114. The Fenian Raids

115. Napoleon III, the Mexican Empire, and Maximillian Hapsburg

116. Copperheads and Clement Vallandigham

117. Conscription and ways to avoid it

118. Draft riots and bread riots

119. The Income Tax

120. The Morrill Tariff

121. Paper Money, Bonds, and the National Banking Act

122. Shoddy manufacturing and Shoddy Millionaires

123. Dorothea Dix, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, and Clara Barton

124. Captain Sally Tompkins, Phoebe Pember, and Chimborazo Hospital

125. The Battles of Manassas/Bull Run

126. General Thomas J. ‘Stonewall’ Jackson

127. Technology in the Civil War

128. CSS Virginia and USS Monitor

129. H.L. Hunley

130. General George McClellan

131. The Army of the Potomac

132. The Peninsular Campaign

133. General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia

134. Lee’s invasion of Maryland

135. The Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam

136. The Emancipation Proclamation

137. Coloured Soldiers

138. General Ambrose Burnside

139. The Battle of Fredericksburg

140. General ‘Fighting Joe’ Hooker

141. The Battle of Chancellorsville

142. Lee’s invasion of Pennsylvania

143. The Battle of Gettysburg

144. General George Meade

145. General Ulysses S. ‘Unconditional Surrender’ Grant and the Army of the Tennessee

146. Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

147. Andrew Johnson

148. The Battle of Shiloh

149. General Braxton Bragg and the Army of Tennessee

150. The Battle of Stones River/Murfreesboro

151. The Siege of Vicksburg

152. The Battle of Chickamauga

153. The Battle of Lookout Mountain and the Battle of Missionary Ridge

154. Grant’s invasion of Virginia

155. The Battle of the Wilderness

156. The Battle of Cold Harbor

157. The Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of the Crater, and the Battle of Five Forks

158. Admiral David Farragut, New Orleans, and Mobile Bay

159. General William Tecumseh Sherman

160. The Election of 1864

161. The Union Party

162. General John Bell Hood’s invasion of Tennessee

163. The Battles of Franklin and Nashville

164. The fall of Atlanta, Sherman’s March to the Sea, and the capture of Savannah

165. Sherman’s invasion of the Carolinas                       

166. The Hampton Roads Conference

167. Appomattox Courthouse

168. Johnston’s surrender

169. John Wilkes Booth and the Assassination of Lincoln

170. The South after the War

171. Freedmen

172. The Freedman’s Bureau

173. Forty Acres and a Mule

174. General Oliver Otis Howard

175. The 10% plan

176. The Wade-Davis Bill

177. The Pocket Veto

178. Presidential Reconstruction

179. Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws, Vagrancy Laws, and Labour Contracts

180. Share-croppers and Tenant Farmers

181. The XIII Amendment, XIV Amendment, and XV Amendment

182. Radical Republicans

183. Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens, and Ben Wade

184. The Reconstruction Act and Congressional (or Radical) Reconstruction

185. Military Districts in the South

186. Parson Brownlow and the Home Guard

187. ex parte Milligan

188. Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, and the South as an internal colony

189. African-American politicians including Hiram Revels and Blanche K. Bruce

190. The Ku Klux Klan

191. The Force Acts

192. The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

193. The Purchase of Alaska:  Seward’s Folly

194. Redeemer Governments

195. The Election of 1876 and the Compromise of 1877

196. The New South

197. Plessy v Ferguson

Be prepared to analyse the development of the anti-slavery movement between 1776 and 1860.

Be prepared to analyse the role and success of compromise in American politics between 1820 and 1860.

Be prepared to analyse the extent to which the Civil War and Reconstruction represented a political and social revolution in America. 

This page last updated 26 October, 2020.
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