Test 1:  Colonial America

Understand the following terms and concepts:

1.    The Tariff
2.    The end of Reconstruction
3.    Urbanisation (steel frame construction, safety elevators, mass transit, refrigeration, tenements, parks, country clubs)
4.    Temperance
5.    Philip Armour and Gustavus Swift
6.    George Westinghouse
7.    George Pullman
8.    Milton Hershey
9.    Thomas Edison
10.    Samuel Morse
11.    Horatio Alger
12.    The Gilded Age
13.    The Bloody Shirt
14.    Credit Mobilier
15.    The Whiskey Ring
16.    Half-Breed, Stalwart, and Mugwump Republicans
17.    Ulysses S. Grant, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
18.    Roscoe Conkling, James G. Blaine
19.    The Pendleton Civil Service Act
20.    Machine Politics, Boss Tweed, and Tammany Hall
21.    Corporations
22.    Cartels
23.    Vertical Integration, Horizontal Integration, Interlocking Directorates
24.    Jay Gould and Jim Fisk
25.    Stock-watering and Pooling (price-fixing)
26.    Andrew Carnegie
27.    The Gospel of Wealth
28.    John D. Rockefeller
29.    J.P. Morgan
30.    Social Darwinism
31.    Iron-clad oaths (yellow-dog contracts), black lists, and scabs
32.    Workplace conditions
33.    Unions and collective bargaining
34.    The Knights of Labor
35.    Samuel Gompers and the American Federation of Labor
36.    Eugene V. Debs, the American Railway Union, and the Industrial Workers of the World
37.    The Eight-Hour Day
38.    The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 (beginning in Martinsburg, WV)
39.    The Haymarket Explosion
40.    The Homestead Strike
41.    The Pullman Strike
42.    Benjamin Harrison and Grover Cleveland
43.    Immigration in the 1840s and 1850s (Old Immigrants)
44.    Immigration in the late 1800s (New Immigrants)
45.    Nativism
46.    Ellis Island and Angel Island
47.    Ethnic Neighbourhoods
48.    The Chinese Exclusion Act
49.    The Social Gospel
50.    The YMCA, the YWCA, and the Salvation Army
51.    Chatauqua meetings
52.    Normal Schools
53.    The Homestead Act
54.    the Union Pacific, the Central Pacific, and the Transcontinental Railroad
55.    Black Kettle, Colonel Chivington, and the Sand Creek Massacre
56.    George Custer, Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and the Little Bighorn
57.    the Nez Perce and Chief Joseph
58.    The Apache and Geronimo
59.    The Dawes Severalty Act
60.    Wovoka and the Ghost Dance
61.    Wounded Knee
62.    Helen Hunt Jackson and A Century of Dishonor
63.    The Carlisle Indian School
64.    Frederick Jackson Turner’s Frontier Thesis
65.    California Gold Rush, the Pike’s Peak Gold Rush, the Comstock Lode, the Alaska Gold Rush
66.    The Western Federation of Miners
67.    Couer d’Alene Miners’ Strike
68.    The Long Drive
69.    Cow Towns
70.    Range Wars
71.    Barbed Wire
72.    The Great Die-Up
73.    Improvements in farming technology
74.    Problems facing farmers in the late 1800s
75.    The Boll Weevil
76.    The Gold Standard
77.    Free Silver and Bimetallism
78.    The Grange
79.    Granger Laws
80.    Farmers’ Alliances
81.    Mary Lease
82.    Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railway Company v. Illinois (the Wabash Case)
83.    Interstate Commerce Act/Interstate Commerce Commission
84.    Sherman Anti-Trust Act
85.    Sherman Silver Purchase Act
86.    William McKinley and the McKinley Tariff
87.    The Billion Dollar Congress
88.    The rise and fall of the People’s Party (Populists)
89.    Coxey’s Army
90.    William Jennings Bryan and the Cross of Gold Speech
91.    Japan
92.    Alfred Thayer Mahan and The Influence of Sea Power upon History
93.    Samoa
94.    Hawaii
95.    Banana Republics
96.    Spheres of Influence
97.    John Hay and the Open Door
98.    The Boxer Rebellion
99.    José Martí and Valeriano Weyler
100.    Joseph Pulitzer, William Randolph Hearst, and the Yellow Press
101.    USS Maine, the Spanish-American War, and the Rough Riders
102.    Emilio Aguinaldo, the Philippine Insurrection, and the 1916 Jones Act
103.    Puerto Rico, the Foraker Act, and the 1917 Jones-Shafroth Act
104.    Cuba, the Teller Amendment, and the Platt Amendment
105.    Guam
106.    The Insular Cases
107.    Middle-class organisations
108.    Muckrakers
Jacob Riis and How the Other Half Lives
McClure’s, Collier’s, Everybody’s, and Cosmopolitan
111.    Ida Tarbell and The History of the Standard Oil Company
112.    Frank Norris and The Octopus:  A Story of California
113.    Lincoln Steffens and The Shame of the Cities, The Struggle for Self Government, and The Traitor State
114.    John Dewey and The School and Society
115.    David Graham Phillips and The Treason of the Senate
116.    John Spargo and The Bitter Cry of the Children
117.    The National Child Labor Committee
118.    The Keating-Owen Act
119.    Hammer v. Dagenhart
120.    Ray Stannard Baker and Following the Color Line
121.    Upton Sinclair and The Jungle
122.    The Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act
123.    The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
124.    XVI, XVII, XVIII, and XIX Amendments to the US Constitution
125.    The initiative, the referendum, the recall, the Australian ballot, direct primaries, city councils, and city managers
126.    Governor Robert La Follette
127.    Governor Hiram Johnson
128.    Governor Charles Evans Hughes
129.    Governor Albert H. Roberts
130.    The Women’s Christian Temperance Union
131.    Carrie Nation
132.    Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
133.    The National Woman Suffrage Association (later National American Woman Suffrage Association)
134.    Muller v. Oregon
135.    Carrie Chapman Catt
136.    Alice Paul
137.    Jeannette Rankin
138.    Margaret Sanger
139.    Plessy v. Fergusson
140.    Jim Crow Laws, poll taxes, and literacy tests
141.    Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Institute
142.    W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk, and the Niagara Movement
143.    The Crisis
144.    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
145.    The Urban League
146.    The Anti-Defamation League
147.    The Chinese Exclusion Act
148.    The Gentlemen’s Agreement
149.    The Root-Takahira Agreement
150.    The Indian Citizenship Act
151.    Presidents McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson
152.    The Square Deal
153.    The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902
154.    The Department of Commerce and Labor
155.    The Elkins Act and the Hepburn Act
156.    The Northern Securities Company
157.    The Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company
158.    National Parks, John Muir, and Gifford Pinchot
159.    The Newlands Reclamation Act
160.    The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine; ‘Big Stick’ diplomacy
161.    The Panamanian Revolution, the Panama Canal, and the US Canal Zone
162.    The Russo-Japanese War and the Treaty of Portsmouth
163.    The Underwood Tariff
164.    Dollar Diplomacy
165.    The Progressive (Bull Moose Party)
166.    The New Nationalism
167.    The New Republic
168.    The New Freedom
169.    Moral Diplomacy
170.    the Federal Trade Commission
171.    The Clayton Anti-Trust Act
172.    The Underwood Tariff
173.    The Federal Farm Loan Act
174.    The Workingman's Compensation Act
175.    The Adamson Act
176.    Federal Reserve System
177.    The Mexican Revolution, Victoriano Huerta, and Venustiano Caranza
178.    Pancho Villa, the Punitive Expedition, and Black Jack Pershing
179.    The US Virgin Islands
180.    Causes of World World I
181.    Isolationism
182.    The Allies and the Central Powers
183.    Technology and tactics of World War I
184.    Unrestricted Submarine Warfare and the Freedom of the Seas
185.    Propaganda and Prejudice during World War I
186.    The sinking of the Lusitania
187.    The Zimmermann Note
188.    Vladimir Lenin, the Bolsheviks, and the Russian Revolution of 1917
189.    The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
190.    The American Expeditionary Force
191.    Alvin York
192.    The ‘Lost Battalion’
193.    The Armistice
194.    The Selective Service Act
195.    The effect of World War I on the American economy
196.    American economic ties to the warring powers
197.    Liberty Bonds
198.    The Espionage Act and the Sedition Act; Schenck v. United States
199.    George Creel and the Committee of Public Information
200.    Herbert Hoover and the Food Administration
201.    Bernard Baruch and the War Industries Board
202.    William McAdoo and the Railway Administration
203.    The Fourteen Points
204.    The League of Nations
205.    The Treaty of Versailles
206.    Henry Cabot Lodge
207.    The Spanish Influenza

Be prepared to answer the following questions:
1.  Analyse the ways in which farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age (1865-1900).

2.  Evaluate the impact of the Civil War on political and economic developments in TWO of the following regions.
    The South
    The North
    The West
Focus your answer on the period between 1865 and 1900.

3.  For whom and to what extent was the American West a land of opportunity from 1865 to 1890?

4.  Analyze the roles that women played in Progressive Era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following.
Social conditions
Labor and working conditions

5.  Analyze the causes and effects of American territorial expansion and involvement in foreign conflict between 1890 and 1920.

6.  Analyze the role of writers in changing public policy in the period between 1890 and 1920.

7.  To what extent did members of TWO of the following groups gain political and economic equality between 1865 and 1920?
    American Indians
    American Women

This page last updated 23 October, 2020.
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