Test 6:  The Cold War


Understand the following terms and concepts:

1.  Harry S Truman

2.  The Iron Curtain and the Soviet Satellites

3.  The Yalta and Potsdam Conferences

4.  The Bretton Woods Agreement

5.  German Occupation Zones

6.  The Berlin Airlift

7.  The Nuremberg Trials

8.  Operation Paperclip

9.  The United Nations

10.   The UN Security Council

11.   Israel

12.   The Truman Doctrine, George Kennan, and Containment

13.   George Marshall and the Marshall Plan

14.   The Soviet A-Bomb, the H-Bomb, the Arms Race, and Mutual Assured Destruction

15.   The Fall of China

16.   Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) and the People's Republic of China

17.   Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) and the Republic of China

18.   The Defence Department

19.   NATO

20.   The Warsaw Pact

21.   The strikes of 1946, especially the railroad strike

22.   Robert Taft (Mr Republican)

23.   The Taft-Hartley Act

24.   Operation Dixie

25.   Serviceman’s Readjustment Act (GI Bill)

26.   William Levitt and Levittown

27.   The Baby Boom

28.   The National Security Council

29.   The Central Intelligence Agency

30.   Truman's loyalty program

31.   The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

32.   Richard Nixon

33.   Alger Hiss

34.   Joseph McCarthy and the Army Hearings

35.   Klaus Fuchs and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

36.   Arthur Miller and The Crucible

37.   Truman's views on civil rights

38.   Strom Thurmond and the Dixiecrats

39.   Henry Wallace and the Progressive Party

40.   Thomas Dewey and Harry Truman's whistle-stop campaign

41.   The Fair Deal

42.   The 1952 steel strike

43.   The Korean War

44.   The 38th Parallel

45.   Douglas MacArthur

46.   Seoul, the Pusan Perimeter, the Inchon invasion, and Frozen Chosin

47.   Korean War POWs

48.   The Demilitarised Zone

49.   Dwight Eisenhower, his presidential campaign, and the 'hidden hand' presidency

50.   Adlai Stevenson

51.   SEATO

52.   Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine

53.   Operation Wetback

54.   Eisenhower's Indian policy

55.   The Federal Highway Act

56.   Alaska and Hawaii

57.   The AFL-CIO

58.   The Landrum-Griffith Act

59.   The Suez Crisis and Gamal Nasser

60.   Nikita Khrushchev

61.   The United Fruit Company and Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán in Guatemala

62.   The Hungarian Uprising and the Butcher of Budapest

63.   The Eisenhower Doctrine

64.   OPEC

65.   Sputnik, Laika, Explorer 1, and the Space Race

66.   The National Defense and Education Act, ARPA, and ARPANet

67.   The U-2 incident and Gary Powers

68.   Fulgencio Batista and Fidel Castro

69.   Consumer culture in the 1950s and Television

70.   Teenagers

71.   The suburbs and the nuclear family

72.   Dr Benjamin Spock’s Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care

73.   Rhythm and Blues, Rock and Roll, and Elvis Presley

74.   The Beatniks

75.   Jack Kerouac and On the Road

76.   Allen Ginsberg and Howl

77.   Betty Friedan and The Feminine Mystique

78.   Sloan Wilson and The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit

79.   J.D. Salinger and The Catcher in the Rye

80.   1960 presidential debates

81.   John F. Kennedy

82.   the missile gap, the arms race, ICBMs, and flexible response

83.   Yuri Gagarin, Alan Sheppard, John Glenn, Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong

84.   the Third World

85.   the Peace Corps

86.   Cuban-Americans, the Bay of Pigs, and the Cuban Missile Crisis

87.   the Sino-Soviet Split

88.   the Berlin Wall

89.   Leonid Brezhnev

90.   the New Frontier and Kennedy’s cabinet

91.   Clean Air Act (1963), Water Quality Act (1965), Water Restoration Act (1966), and the Environmental Protection Agency

92.   Lee Harvey Oswald

93.   Lyndon B. Johnson

94.   the Civil Rights Act (1957), Civil Rights Act (1964), Voting Rights Act (1965)

95.   The War on Poverty and the Great Society

96.   Barry Goldwater

97.   Aspects of modern conservatism:  libertarian, religious, fiscal, and ethnic

98.   XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVI Amendments

99.   Medicare and Medicaid

100.  Department of Transportation, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Robert Weaver

101.  the Immigration and Nationality Act (1965)

102.  Earl Warren's Supreme Court

103.  Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

104.  Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

105.  Engle v. Vitale (1962), Abingdon v. Shempp (1963)

106.  the Six-Day War, the Yom Kippur War, and the Oil Crisis

107.  Jim Crow Laws

108.  Jackie Robinson and the Brooklyn Dodgers

109.  Thurgood Marshall

110.  Citizens' Councils, white flight, and the third Ku Klux Klan

111.  Rosa Parks, the Highlander Folk School, and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

112.  Martin Luther King, junior and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

113.  Emmett Till

114.  the Southern Manifesto

115.  Albert Gore, senior, Estes Kefauver, and Carroll Reece

116.  Orval Faubus and desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas

117.  Desegregation of Clinton High School in Clinton, Tennessee

118.  Sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina and elsewhere

119.  the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

120.  the Congress of Racial Equality

121.  James Meredith and Medgar Evers

122.  Freedom Rides and Freedom Summer

123.  Bull Conner and Birmingham

124.  the marches from Selma

125.  George Wallace

126.  race riots in Watts and Detroit

127.  Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam

128.  Stokely Carmichael

129.  the Black Panther Party

130.  the Memphis Sanitation Workers' strike

131.  Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers

132.  the American Indian Movement

133.  French Indochina, Dien Bien Phu, the Geneva Accords, and the 17th Parallel

134.  Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh

135.  Ngo Dinh Diem, ARVN, strategic hamlets, and opposition to Ngo Dinh Diem

136.  American involvement in Vietnam

137.  the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, the War Powers Act

138.  Operation ROLLING THUNDER, search and destroy, Operation LINEBACKER

139.  Viet Cong and the Ho Chi Minh Trail

140.  Agent Orange and napalm

141.  the Tet Offensive

142.  the draft, college deferments, and draft-dodgers

143.  Hippies, Hardhats, and anti-war protests

144.  Richard Nixon, the Silent Majority, and the Southern Strategy

145.  Vietnamization, Peace with Honour, the Paris Peace Accords, the Fall of Saigon

146.  the Kent State massacre

147.  William Calley and the My Lai Massacre

148.  Daniel Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers

149.  the fall of Laos and Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge, and Pol Pot

150.  the generation gap and the Counterculture

151.  Jesus People

152.  communes

153.  Free Love, the birth control pill, and the Sexual Revolution

154.  Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Roe v. Wade (1973)

155.  drug use

156.  folk music, protest songs, and psychedelic rock of the 1960s and early 1970s

157.  Woodstock

158.  NOW

159.  Gloria Steinem and Ms. Magazine

160.  the Equal Rights Amendment and Phyllis Schlafly

161.  Henry Kissinger and Realpolitik

162.  ping-pong diplomacy and Nixon's visit to China

163.  the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, SALT, and Détente

164.  90-day wage and price freeze

165.  the Nixon Shock

166.  Spiro Agnew and Gerald Ford

167.  CREEP and the plumbers

168.  Deep Throat, Bob Woodward, and Edward Bernstein

169.  the Watergate Scandal

170.  Nixon's secret tapes, executive privilege, and 18½ minutes of silence

171.  Nixon's resignation and Ford's pardon of Nixon

Be prepared to answer any one of the following questions:


1.   Presidential elections between 1928 and 1948 revealed major shifts in political party loyalties. Analyze both the reasons for these changes and their consequences during this period.


2.   Compare and contrast United States society in the 1920s and 1950s with respect to TWO of the following:

     Race relations

     Role of women


     Literary developments


3.  Analyse the extent to which TWO of the following transformed American society in the 1960s and 1970s.

The Civil Rights movement

The anti-war movement

The Women’s movement


4.   Compare and contrast United States foreign policy after the First World War and after the Second World War.  Consider the periods 1919-1928 and 1945-1950.


5. Compare and contrast the causes and effects of American involvement in Korea and Vietnam during the Cold War.  Consider both domestic and international issues.


6.  Analyse the successes and failures of the United States Cold War policy of containment as it developed in TWO of the following regions of the world during the period 1945 to 1975.

East and Southeast Asia


Latin America

Middle East


This page last updated 13 May, 2021.