Test 2:  America becomes a World Power

Understand the following terms and concepts.

1.  The opening of Japan

2.  Alfred Thayer Mahan and The Influence of Sea Power upon History

3.  Samoa

4.  Hawaii

5.  Banana Republics

6.  Spheres of Influence

7.  John Hay and the Open Door

8.  The Boxer Rebellion

9.  José Martí and Valeriano Weyler

10.   Joseph Pulitzer, William Randolph Hearst, and the Yellow Press

11.   USS Maine, the Spanish-American War, and the Rough Riders

12.   Emilio Aguinaldo, the Philippine Insurrection, and the 1916 Jones Act

13.   Puerto Rico, the Foraker Act, and the 1917 Jones-Shafroth Act

14.   Cuba, the Teller Amendment, and the Platt Amendment

15.   Guam

16.   The Insular Cases

17.   Middle-class organisations

18.   Muckrakers

19.   McClure’s, Collier’s, Everybody’s, and Cosmopolitan

20.   Jacob Riis and How the Other Half Lives

21.   Ida Tarbell and The History of the Standard Oil Company

22.   Frank Norris and The Octopus:  A Story of California

23.   Lincoln Steffens and The Shame of the Cities, The Struggle for Self Government, and The Traitor State

24.   John Dewey and The School and Society

25.   David Graham Phillips and The Treason of the Senate

26.   John Spargo and The Bitter Cry of the Children

27.   The National Child Labor Committee

28.   The Keating-Owen Act

29.   Hammer v. Dagenhart

30.   Ray Stannard Baker and Following the Color Line

31.   Upton Sinclair and The Jungle

32.   The Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act

33.   The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

34.   XVI, XVII, XVIII, and XIX Amendments to the US Constitution

35.   The initiative, the referendum, the recall, the Australian ballot, direct primaries, city councils, and city managers

36.   Governor Robert La Follette

37.   Governor Hiram Johnson

38.   Governor Charles Evans Hughes

39.   Governor Albert H. Roberts

40.   The Women’s Christian Temperance Union

41.   Carrie Nation

42.   Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

43.   The National Woman Suffrage Association (later National American Woman Suffrage Association)

44.   Carrie Chapman Catt

45.   Alice Paul

46.   Jeannette Rankin

47.   Margaret Sanger

48.   Anne Dallas Dudley, Harry Burn, and the Perfect 36

49.   Plessy v. Fergusson

50.   Jim Crow Laws, poll taxes, and literacy tests

51.   Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Institute

52.   W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk, and the Niagara Movement

53.   The Crisis

54.   The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

55.   The Urban League

56.   The Anti-Defamation League

57.   The Chinese Exclusion Act

58.   The Gentlemen’s Agreement

59.   The Root-Takahira Agreement

60.   Octaviano Larrazolo

61.   The Indian Citizenship Act

62.   Presidents McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson

63.   The Square Deal

64.   The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902

65.   The Department of Commerce and Labor

66.   The Elkins Act and the Hepburn Act

67.   The Northern Securities Company

68.   The Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company

69.   National Parks, John Muir, and Gifford Pinchot

70.   The Newlands Reclamation Act

71.   The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine; ‘Big Stick’ diplomacy

72.   The Panamanian Revolution, the Panama Canal, and the US Canal Zone

73.   The Russo-Japanese War and the Treaty of Portsmouth

74.   The Underwood Tariff

75.   Dollar Diplomacy

76.   The Progressive (Bull Moose Party)

77.   The New Nationalism

78.   The New Republic

79.   The New Freedom

80.   Moral Diplomacy

81.   the Federal Trade Commission

82.   The Clayton Anti-Trust Act

83.   The Underwood Tariff

84.   The Federal Farm Loan Act

85.   The Workingman's Compensation Act

86.   The Adamson Act

87.   Federal Reserve System

88.   The Mexican Revolution, Victoriano Huerta, and Venustiano Caranza

89.   The Tampico Affair and the seizure of Veracruz

90.   Pancho Villa, the Punitive Expedition, and Black Jack Pershing

91.   The US Virgin Islands

92.   Causes of World World I

93.   Isolationism

94.   The Allies and the Central Powers

95.   Technology and tactics of World War I

96.   Unrestricted Submarine Warfare and the Freedom of the Seas

97.   Propaganda and Prejudice during World War I

98.   The sinking of the Lusitania

99.   The Zimmermann Note

100. Vladimir Lenin, the Bolsheviks, and the Russian Revolution of 1917

101. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

102. The American Expeditionary Force

103. Alvin York

104. The ‘Lost Battalion’

105. The Armistice

106. The Selective Service Act

107. The effect of World War I on the American economy

108. American economic ties to the warring powers

109. Liberty Bonds

110. The Espionage Act and the Sedition Act; Schenck v. United States

111. Eugene V. Debs and the Industrial Workers of the World

112. George Creel and the Committee of Public Information

113. Herbert Hoover and the Food Administration

114. Bernard Baruch and the War Industries Board

115. William McAdoo and the Railway Administration

116. The Fourteen Points

117. The League of Nations

118. The Treaty of Versailles

119. Henry Cabot Lodge

120. The Spanish Influenza

Be prepared to answer two of the following questions.


1.     Analyse the effectiveness of Progressive Era reformers in addressing problems of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In your answer, focus on reform efforts in TWO of the following areas.

State and federal government

The workplace

Living conditions in cities


2.      Analyse the roles that women played in Progressive Era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following.


Social conditions

Labor and working conditions


3.   To what extent did the role of the federal government change under President Theodore Roosevelt in regard to TWO of the following?




     World Affairs


4.     Analyse the causes and effects of American territorial expansion and involvement in foreign conflict between 1890 and 1920.


5.     Analyse the role of writers in changing public policy in the period between 1890 and 1920.


6.   To what extent did members of TWO of the following groups gain political and economic equality between 1865 and 1920?


     American Indians

     American Women



7.  Analyse the impact of the First World War on America’s culture, economy, and government.

This page last updated 23 October, 2018.