Test 3:  The Roaring Twenties, the Great Depression, and World War II

Understand the following terms and concepts.

1.   Mass production and the assembly line

2.   Henry Ford and the Model T

3.   Woolworth’s

4.   Clarence Saunders and Piggly Wiggly

5.   Bruce Barton and The Man Nobody Knows

6.   Austin Peay

7.   Instalment plans and buying stock on margin

8.   The stock market

9.   Warren G Harding and his cabinet (particularly Charles Evans Hughes, Andrew Mellon, Herbert Hoover, and Albert Fall)

10. The Return to Normalcy and Isolationism

11. Teapot Dome and other scandals

12. Calvin Coolidge

13. the Washington Naval Conference

14. the Kellogg-Briand Pact

15. the Dawes Plan

16. Economic position of farmers in the 1920s, 1930s, and early 1940s

17. Jazz Music and Louis Armstrong

18. Movies and Talkies, including The Jazz Singer

19. Country music, the Carter Family, and the Bristol Sessions

20. The Chicago Black Sox

21. Babe Ruth

22. Charles Lindbergh and the Spirit of St Louis

23. Household appliances and their impact on women's lives

24. New Women / Flappers

25. The Lost Generation, including F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sinclair Lewis, William Faulkner, and Ernest Hemingway

26. The Harlem Renaissance, including Langston Hughes & Zora Neal Hurston

27. Marcus Garvey, the Universal Negro Improvement Association, and the Back-to-Africa movement

28. The Ku Klux Klan and The Birth of a Nation

29. the Red Scare

30. the Palmer Raids

31. Sacco and Vanzetti

32. the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924

33. the Butler Act, the Scopes 'Monkey' Trial, William Jennings Bryan, Clarence Darrow

34. Modernism versus traditionalism/fundamentalism

35. Prohibition and the Volstead Act

36. moonshiners, bootleggers, speakeasies, and organised crime

37. the XVIII, XIX, XX, and XXI Amendments

38. Herbert Hoover

39. Al Smith

40. Black Tuesday

41. The Great Depression and its effect on people's lives

42. the Dust Bowl

43. Okies

44. John Steinbeck

45. The Lindbergh Kidnapping

46. The Hawley-Smoot Tariff

47. the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

48. the Bonus Army

49. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt

50. the Brain Trust

51. Cactus Jack Garner

52. Cordell Hull, Henry Morgenthau, Henry Wallace, Frances Perkins, Harold Ickes, James Farley, and Harry Hopkins

53. the Black Cabinet

54. the New Deal and the Second New Deal

55. the first Hundred Days

56. fire-side chats

57. the Four-Day Bank Holiday and the Emergency Banking Act

58. the Glass-Steagal Act and the FDIC

59. the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC)

60. the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)

61. the Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

62. the Indian Reorganisation Act ('The Indian New Deal')

63. the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

64. George Norris and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

65. the Rural Electrification Administration (REA)

66. the National Recovery Act (NRA) and Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States

67. the Public Works Administration (PWA)

68. the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

69. the Civil Works Administration (CWA) & the Works Progress Administration (WPA)

70. the Wagner Act and the National Labor Relations Board

71. Dr Francis Townsend and the Townsend Plan

72. the Social Security Act

73. the London Economic Conference

74. Roosevelt’s monetary policy

75. John Maynard Keynes and priming the pump

76. the Welfare State

77. the American Liberty League

78. Father Charles Coughlin and ‘Social Justice’

79. Huey Long and his plan to 'Share the Wealth'

80. FDR's court-packing plan

81. the Fair Labor Standards Act

82. John L. Lewis and the Congress of Industrial Organisations (CIO)

83. the New Deal Coalition

84. Joseph Stalin

85. Benito Mussolini and the Fascist Party

86. the Italian Invasion of Ethiopia

87. the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Franco, and the International Brigades (including the Abraham Lincoln Brigade)

88. the Weimar Republic

89. Post-war economic problems in Germany

90. Adolph Hitler and the Nazi Party

91. the Holocaust

92. the Axis and the Tripartite Pact

93. Hitler's violations of the Treaty of Versailles and expansion of Germany

94. the Munich Conference and Appeasement

95. the Molotov-von Ribbentrop Pact (Nazi-Soviet Pact)

96. Blitzkrieg

97. How World War II began in Europe

98. Vichy France

99. The Miracle of Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain

100.   Winston Churchill

101.   Joseph Stalin

102.   Emperor Hirohito (the Showa Emperor) and the Japanese Empire

103.   Pearl S. Buck

104.   the Mukden Incident and the Invasion of Manchuria

105.   the Marco Polo Bridge Incident and the Invasion of China

106.   the Rape of Nanking and the Panay Incident

107.   Japanese atrocities

108.   the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

109.   Siam

110.   Philippine Independence

111.   the Good Neighbour Policy

112.   Reciprocal Trade Agreements

113.   Gerald Nye and the Nye Committee

114.   the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937

115.   the Neutrality Act of 1939 (Cash and Carry)

116.   the Destroyer Deal

117.   the Selective Service and Training Act

118.   the America First Committee

119.   Wendell Wilkie

120.   Lend-Lease

121.   the Nazi Invasion of the Soviet Union

122.   Stalingrad

123.   the Atlantic Charter

124.   convoys

125.   USS Reuben James

126.   American embargoes on Japan

127.   the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

128.   the Japanese invasion of the Philippines and the Bataan Death March

129.   Dwight Eisenhower and Douglas MacArthur

130.   Bushido

131.   Issei, Nissei, and Japanese internment camps

132.   Hirabayashi v. United States and Korematsu v. United States

133.   Japanese conquests in Southeast Asia

134.   the Doolittle Raid

135.   the Battle of the Coral Sea

136.   the Battle of Midway

137.   the Home Front

138.   Henry J. Kaiser and Liberty Ships

139.   War-time Rationing

140.   the Office of Price Administration (OPA)

141.   the War Labor Board (WLB) and the Smith-Connally Act

142.   Rosie the Riveter

143.   WAACs, WAVES, and WASPs

144.   War Bonds

145.   the Office of War Information (OWI)

146.   the Office of Strategic Services (OSS)

147.   the Bracero Program

148.   the Zoot Suit Riot

149.   Operation Torch

150.   the Allied invasion of Italy

151.   Strategic Bombing

152.   the Tehran Conference

153.   D-Day, particularly Utah Beach and Omaha Beach

154.   the Battle of the Bulge

155.   the Yalta Conference

156.   the United Nations, including the General Assembly and the Security Council

157.   the Occupation of Germany

158.   Codetalkers

159.   Tuskegee Airmen

160.   Island Hopping

161.   the Battles of Saipain (in the Mariana Islands), Iwo Jima, and Okinawa

162.   Firebombing and Firestorms

163.   the Battle of Leyte Gulf and kamikaze

164.   the Manhattan Project, Fat Man, and Little Boy

165.   the Japanese Surrender

166.   Harry Truman

167.   the Potsdam Conference

168.   the Iron Curtain and the Cold War

169.   the Truman Doctrine

This page last updated 20 November, 2018.