End of Course Exam Study Guide
80.The Civil Rights Act (1968): Outlawed discrimination in
housing, including 'steering' (encouraging members of particular
races or ethnic groups to move into particularly neighbourhoods)
and 'redlining' (refusing to give loans to people seeking to buy
property in certain areas, often based on race or average
81.The Great Society: Lyndon Johnson's efforts
to create and expand welfare programs.
83.Brinksmanship: Pushing an issue as
close to the brink of a crisis as possible in order to force the
other side to give in. However,
this means that threats must always get worse. During the Cold War
this included seeming willing to go to nuclear war. It was part of both
sides' strategy during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
84.The Cuban Missile Crisis: Crisis in 1962 when
America U-2 spy planes discovered that the
85.Peaceful Co-existence: Khrushchev's stated policy
of trying to get along with the
86.Strom Thurmond: Governor of
87.Eugene 'Bull' Connor: Commissioner of Public
Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, he controlled the
police and fire department and used them to oppose the Civil
Rights movement in the early and mid-1960s, often violently.
88.George Wallace: Governor of
woman who, while a student at Fisk University in Nashville,
helped organise the Nashville Sit-Ins, the Student Non-Violent
Coordinating Committee, the first Freedom Ride, the Birmingham
protests of 1963, and the Selma marches of 1964.
90.Betty Friedan: Author of The Feminine Mystique,
the most famous of her many works criticising the traditional
role of women in society, particularly the highly conformist
expectations of the 1950s and early 1960s.
91.Martin Luther King, junior: A major leader of the
Civil Rights movement who insisted on non-violence. He was assassinated in
nationalist who was a member of the Nation of Islam until he
turned away from the idea of violence, after which he was
93.Stokely Carmichael: Member of SNCC who came to
believe that non-violence was no long enough by the mid-1960s. He also tried to
cultivate a separate Black identity and encouraged
African-Americans to become economically independent from
94.Albert Gore, senior: Senator from
95.The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: Resolution passed by
Congress in August, 1964 in response to North Vietnamese attacks
on US Navy vessels in the Gulf of Tonkin. It gave the president
almost unlimited power to make war without being an official
declaration of war.
96.The Grand Ole Opry: One of the oldest radio
programs in the world, it has been broadcast since 1925. It helped make country
music popular around the world and helped make
sign of the radio station that broadcasts the Grand Ole Opry.